Durable solutions to displacement

The project Informing responses to support durable solutions for IDPs

With growing numbers of people directly affected by forced displacement worldwide, the question of finding durable solutions has become urgent. One recurring issue is the lack of sound and common evidence-base upon which joint responses to support durable solutions can be developed. The Durable Solutions Indicator Library and Analysis Guide, launched in April 2018 and a result of this project, help fill this gap. 

Dami B informal settlement in Hargeisa (Somalia), 2015 / Credit: JIPS

Since its establishment in 2009, JIPS has supported many governments and operations to conduct durable solutions profiling processes. Either implicitly or explicitly, many of these exercises have been linked to the 2010 IASC Framework on Durable Solutions for Internally Displaced Persons. Based on this expertise, JIPS is coordinating the technical implementation of this process, transforming the IASC Framework into concrete analysis tools.

The 2010 IASC Framework provides a starting point by establishing the durable solutions definition as well as widely recognized criteria “to determine the extent to which a durable solution has been achieved”. In 2016, an inter-agency process was set up to operationalize the Framework. This process is led by the Mandate of the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of IDPs, and coordinated by JIPS in collaboration with a Technical Steering Committee comprising a broad group of partners engaged in supporting durable solutions to displacement. Members include DRC, ICRC, IDMC, IOM, FIC/Tufts, NRC, UN Peacebuilding Fund, Solutions Alliance Research, Data and Performance Management group members, UNDP, UNHABITAT, UNOCHA, UNHCRWorld Bank, Displacement Solutions Platform and ReDDs.  The project seeks to develop agreed-upon indicators, tools, methodologies and guidance for comprehensive yet practical approaches to durable solutions analysis and monitoring progress in displacement situations.

Expected project outputs

The project aims to create a set of agreed upon indicators, tools and methodologies. This durable solutions indicator library provides governments, humanitarian and development actors with a tool to pursue an evidence-based joint response to support displaced families and communities to achieve durable solutions. In this regard the indicator library can provide: 

  • Comprehensive analysis using the IASC criteria to identify obstacles and opportunities to durable solutions 
  • Progress over time (recurring data collection with compatible indicators and methodologies)
  • Vulnerabilities linked to displacement (comparative analysis)
  • Discrimination (comparative analysis and perceived discrimination)

Project outputs will seek to be endorsed by the IASC upon request of the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Internally Displaced.

Current project progress

In March 2016, the first phase of the project was completed. A comprehensive desk review was conducted of a wide range of indicator sources, the Technical Steering Committee (TSC) was established, and a workshop was held in Geneva with all TSC members, the Special Rapporteur and JIPS. The resulting consolidated list of indicators is currently being field-tested in different contexts (see the latest project report for more details). This will allow for the indicators to be further refined in advance of final endorsement, consolidation of lessons learned and development of guidance and capacity building material to inform future use of the library. A global level workshop is expected to take place in June 2017 to consolidate the lessons learned.

Current discussions and focus areas of the project: 

  • Leaving no-one behind: ensuring a strong link to SDG indicators to enable analysis of the situation of IDPs in the broader picture of monitoring the progress towards the 2030 Agenda; linkages with UNDAF guidance on Leaving No-One Behind
  • Identifying obstacles and opportunities for progress in protracted displacement 
  • Supporting solutions at different levels: developing a tool that can benefit planning and programming at local and national levels
  • Use of the indicators for different purposes (strategy development, policy, concrete programming, M&E)
  • Highlighting the comprehensive nature of durable solutions beyond physical movement of IDPs (also an advocacy tool)
  • Ensuring that the voices of IDPs’ are heard in planning for durable solutions through strong emphasis on community participation in the pilots and in the guidance on the use of the indicator